Busca Ativa Escolar
INNOVATIVE APPROACH TO ACTIVELY SEARCH FOR OUT OF SCHOOL CHILDREN
Busca Ativa Escolar is a platform that supports public managers in the fields of identification, registration, control and monitoring of children and teenagers who are out of school or at risk of avoidance.
Busca Ativa Escolar flow works like this:
- The platform mobilizes the network of professionals from the public sector who work in the field (social workers, health agents, guardianship advisers etc.). These professionals identify children out of school and the reason why this happens, and log these alerts into the system via SMS, application, or web interface.
- Each case is assigned to a technician, who goes to the field and does a depth research on the child and its family.
- The information collected is forwarded to solving groups – who work to solve the problem that prevents the child from going to school – so that the child is (re) enrolled.
- This child is accompanied throughout the school year to ensure her stay in the classroom.
The solution strengthens the articulation of the various areas of public authority, since all people have access to the same database. It allows the municipality to cross information, identify the biggest demands, classify them by neighborhood or age group, and see the open cases and the closed ones. Thus, managers have more subsidies to monitor and make decisions.
Busca Ativa Escolar was developed in partnership with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), National Union of Municipal Directors of Education (Undime) and the National Collegiate of Municipal Social Assistance Managers (Congemas), and is aligned with the objectives of Out of School Children Initiative, of UNICEF.
WHAT IS THE SCENARIO IN WHICH THE PROJECT IS INSERTED?
There are, in Brazil, 2.8 million children and teenagers aged from 4 to 17 years which are outside of school.
The Constitutional Amendment No. 59 from 2009 and the National Education Plan/PNE (2014/2024) establish that education up to the age of 17 is mandatory in the country. In addition, the PNE requires states and municipalities to enroll all of their children and teenagers in school, i.e., to promote universal access to Elementary School by offering places to all who are away from classrooms.
Knowing who these children and teenagers are, where they are and why are not they in classrooms is the first step in the assertive elaboration of policies, programs and projects. Therefore, the PNE has strategies to promote active search of children and teenagers outside of school in different goals, in partnership with government agencies of social assistance in sectors of health and protection of children, teenagers and youth.
- Establishment of the partnership between Instituto TIM and UNICEF under scope of Out of School Childre Initiative.
- The objective was to offer Brazilian cities an innovative approach to active search of children outside school with the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)
- Research of successful active search initiatives in order to guide the project strategy
- Initiatives of cities, states, government agencies and institutions were researched. A survey of the demographic and educational indicators of the cities studied was also made
- Gathering of requirements for the structuring of the system and definition of information flows
- Elaboration of the 1st version of the platform: flow study, design of the technological system and definition of social technology (methodology)
- Pilot realization – 1st step: São Bernardo do Campo-SP
- The pilot was held in the Jardim Silvina community between June and August. The process included articulation, training of City Hall teams, as well as the monitoring of local articulator teams, support and mapping of issues raised
- Readjustments in the tool and social technology based on the 1st experience of use
Pilot realization – 2nd step: Anápolis-GO, Bujari-AC, Campina Grande-PB, Itaúna-MG, Serrinha-BA, Tabuleiro do Norte-CE and Vilhena-RO
- The pilot was conducted in selected neighborhoods of the 7 cities between September and November. Just like in São Bernardo do Campo, feedback was collected to improve the tool and methodology
- Readjustments in the tool and social technology based on the 2nd experience of use
- New test, focused on software: Jucás-CE, Alto Santo-CE, Russas-CE, Apicum-Açu-MA, Campina Grande-PB, Bonito-PE, Ipanguaçu-RN, Itabaianinha-SE, Senador Guiomard-AC, Elísio Medrado-BA, São Gabriel do Oeste-MS, Costa Rica-MS, Ji-Paraná-RO, Rorainópolis-RR, Palmeirópolis-TO, Araguaína-TO, Domingos Martins-ES, Oliveira-MG, Apucarana-PR, Rio Grande-RS, Joinville-SC, Sud Mennucci-SP, Goiânia-GO and Brasnorte-MT
- Official Launch of Busca Ativa Escolar
- Provision of the platform at Busca Ativa Escolar website for any city interested in joining the project
- Presentation of the platform in the XIX National Meeting of the National Collegiate of Municipal Social Assistance Managers, at the 16th National Forum of Municipal Directors of Education and at the XXVII National Meeting of UNCME (Union of Municipal Education Councils)
- 2.719 cities and 8 states (Goiás, Rio Grande do Norte, Amapá, Bahia, Pará, Sergipe, Tocantins and Ceará) enrolled in the Busca Ativa Escolar platform
RESULTS, ACHIEVEMENTS AND STORIES
In June 2018, one year after the national launch of the Busca Activa Escolar platform, 1,111 municipalities were already participating in the initiative, which corresponds to 20% of all Brazilian municipalities. In addition, 5 states – Bahia, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Goiás and Amapá – had joined the platform. Until then, the main causes for children and adolescents to be out of school were “dropout because they feel uninteresting” and “lack of documentation of the child or adolescent” (55% and 12%, respectively).
Learn more about it: Busca Ativa: 1111 cities and 5 states in one year
With increasingly populous urban centers around the world and more complex management demands, the discussion about the concept of smart cities is growing. Such concept involves the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to improve the efficiency of the urban management and the quality of life of its residents. Three solutions developed by Instituto TIM are applied to smart cities: Busca Ativa Escolar, ZUP and Mapas Culturais.
Learn more about it: Solutions that contribute to smart cities
In June 2017, Busca Ativa Escolar platform was officially launched in Brasília-DF. The event gathered about 70 Education, Health and Social Assistance managers at municipal, state and federal levels, as well as education specialists and journalists. At the same time, it took place the deployment of the National Committee for Busca Ativa Escolar.
Learn more about it: Busca Ativa Escolar platform is launched
After the completion of the pilot project for Busca Ativa Escolar, at the end of 2016, 14 children had been reinserted into school, and another 39 were in the process of re-enrolling. The pilot was carried out in two stages: the first in São Bernardo do Campo-SP and the second in seven other municipalities.
Learn more about it: Pilot of Busca Ativa concluded