SENDING OF SCIENTIFIC EXPERIMENTS OF BRAZILIAN STUDENTS TO THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION (ISS)
Garatéa-ISS is an action that promotes the participation of Brazilian students in the North American Student Spaceflight Experiments Program (SSEP), encouraging the study of space sciences. From the scientific methodology of the program, students from schools across the country develop experiments to be performed in space and one of them is sent to the International Space Station (ISS) with other winners from the United States and Canada, flying in a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) rocket.
The main stages of the project are as follows:
- Period of enrollment of schools: each school defines the groups of participating students, who must be between 10 and 17 years old.
- Teacher training: educators have access to videos that discuss concepts and methodologies to assist in the development of projects.
- Projects building: after training, the teachers interact with the students to develop the projects using the scientific methodology learned.
- Selection of the winning project: each school selects a project and these are forwarded to a committee of Brazilian academics linked to the Garatéa Mission. Only three projects are chosen and sent to the United States, where NASA technicians will choose the winner.
- The winning group begins the development of the experiment that will be sent to the ISS with the other winners from the United States and Canada.
- The rocket with the winning experiment is launched and goes to the ISS.
Garatéa-ISS is an initiative of the Missão Garatéa, the largest Brazilian space consortium, in partnership with the University of São Paulo (USP) and the Foundation for Support to Physics and Chemistry (FAFQ) and sponsored by Instituto TIM, Braskem, and Airvantis.
WHAT IS THE SCENARIO IN WHICH THE PROJECT IS INSERTED?
There are increasing initiatives that seek to spread science themes through experiences that are attractive to young people, such as a space mission, and to ensure the continuing training of new generations of scientists.
In 2017, Brazil was the first community outside North America to participate in the Student Spaceflight Experiments Program (SSEP). In addition to the benefits for participating youths and teachers, actions such as this promote an approximation of Brazil to the activities performed at the ISS.
- 4,200 students from 175 schools involved
- Finalist projects:
- Interplanetary Plantation – developed by students of the 5th grade of Escola Bosque (São Paulo-SP) to test the influence of microgravity on cactus seeds during a trip to Mars.
- Fermentation in Microgravity – developed by 6th and 8th graders from the Instituto Alpha Lumens (São José dos Campos-SP) to verify how sucrose ferments for alcohol production in microgravity.
- Capillarity vs Gravity in the Filtration Process – developed by students of the second year of Secondary School of the Federal Institute of Santa Catarina (Xanxerê – SC) to check if water can be filtered by moringas in microgravity.
- Winning project: Capillarity vs. Gravity in the Filtration Process